Scientists have revealed that the ocean has gulped up around 30% of the carbon dioxide that humans have emitted into the Earth’s atmosphere over the last century or two. The ocean, through no benefit of its own had absorbed the harmful greenhouse gas in a natural bid to improve the environment and further pollute the sky. But how much longer can we rely on the oceans natural impact of the environment? Scientists have placed a carbon dioxide monitor in certain areas of the Atlantic and Pacific to understand how we can tackle climate change.
Plastic Not-So- Fantastic
It can’t be ignored – the giant issue surrounding the overwhelming and damaging amount of plastic in the ocean. After David Attenborough’s documentary which captured images of plastics straws, bags and cups being lodged into sea animals stomachs is what is killing off the sea world. Not only this but plastic doesn’t decompose as easily as other materials and is therefore polluting the ocean destroying not only the lives of the animals buy also the plant life which is essential to our environment.
With a growing population and competitive food market fishers are having to catch more and more fish to ensure there is enough supply. However at this rate some species are now endangered as they are not reproducing as fast as they are being caught. Another issues with over fishing is the impact it has on other species. If one type of species relies on another in order to survive then they are put at risk if their dinner is at risk of extinction.
One species we are knowledgeable of its extinction is sharks. Even though they are top of the food chain as a predator in the ocean their fins are extremely valuable in the Asian market. Have you ever heard of fin soup? This is a delicacy and even though the sharks fin is used the rest of the animal is thrown away. There is currently a campaign to make shark fin fishing illegal.
Dying Coral Reefs, Especially in Australia
Try to salvage the Great Barrier Reef in Australia’s east coast. The environment in the ocean is just as important as the environment on land. The coral reefs support a huge amount of sea life – providing food and shelter for some creatures. With an increasing issue of global warming, this is what is causing coral bleaching and essentially killing the coral environment.